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The Ultimate Guide To Understanding Glaucoma

glaucoma
Last Updated on February 6, 2024 Published By  Mrs.Lisa Rollins On 2023-07-14

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a specific eye condition disorder. it can lead to vision loss and color blindness issues. Due to this disorder, the optic nerve may receive an extensive amount of damage. It is that condition that relates to having high blood pressure in the eyes.

Generally, there is no age bar to have this disorder but it is most common in the people who range above 60 years. One of the biggest problems with this disorder is that in the early stages, it may have very few symptoms and that is why it is generally neglected.

How Common Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma as an eye condition is quite common among people these days. Most often the younger people that is those below the age of 40s and having this eye condition only have their poor lifestyle issues to blame.

In the US alone according to a specific study, around 18% of the men above the age of 40 have minor to severe instances of eye condition.

Generally, under this condition, patients will have a higher presence of optical fluid in the eyes which increases the eye pressure.

What Are The Types Of Glaucoma?

  • Open-Angle

Open-angle is a condition in which the anterior chamber of the eye becomes an open-angle shape, This leads to the rapid deterioration of side vision and is followed by loss of central vision as well.

  • Closed-Angle

This type of glaucoma condition is associated with headaches and blurred vision. Generally, this condition occurs due to eye infections which lead to a cloudy fluid condition near the cornea. Generally, people suffering from this condition may also experience some vision loss in the form of visualizing light halos around objects lacking clearly defined boundaries.

  • Normal-Tension

Normal-tension type is condition may lead to bilateral blindness. It may occur due to optical neuropathy due to which the pressure of the intraocular fluid remains in the normal range. It may also cause normal symptoms of glaucoma such as frequent headaches, low blood pressure, feeling numbness in the hands and feet, and so on.

  • Congenital

This type of glaucoma condition is hereditary and occurs due to genetic defects. It is a rare type of condition and with such a condition you may have the disorder crop up at a very early age.

What Are The Symptoms Of Glaucoma?

As we told you above, the condition is hard to detect when it is in its early stages. The changes in your normal vision occur so slowly that you cannot determine the changes within a few days or even weeks.

Often due to this issue people are diagnosed with glaucoma condition at the later stages. Remember that although there are medicines such as Dorzox Eye Drop 2% (5ml) they can only cure the condition temporarily for a few hours.

The condition is generally irreversible and this only means that diagnosing the condition and finding an early treatment method can prevent it from getting worse at least.

Here are some of the symptoms of the condition-

  • The feeling of pressure in the eyes
  • Frequent headaches
  • Seeing a rainbow at the corner of any light source
  • Blurred vision
  • Red eyes

What Causes Glaucoma?

As is the most important reason to have this Eye Problem, the intraocular fluid increases in its amounts which also leads to an increase in the pressure of the eye. Generally, under normal conditions, this aqueous humor present in the eyes also has a drainage system. But in the patient suffering from it, the drainage arteries get blocked or reduce their forward flow of fluid within them.

This only means that ocular fluid keeps on increasing in the eyes. See, glaucoma may have several reasons but it is difficult to identify any one of them that results in the condition.

What Are The Risk Factors For Glaucoma?

Of course, it is necessary to find out some of the risk factors where the person may have more chances of suffering from the it eye problem condition.

  • High Eye Reassure

If you already have high eye pressure then your chances of suffering from high eye pressure then your chances of suffering from glaucoma increase severalfold. Such patients have an almost 60-70% chance of suffering from the condition./

  • Age

As we have seen above glaucoma is more common among senior citizens above the age of 60. The reason for this is natural as we tend to age eye functions start to deviate from their normal beings. But remember that age is not the only factor as men even in their 30s have been diagnosed with severe glaucoma condition.

  • Race

You may be surprised to know that your race and ethnicity may be associated with having this specific eye condition. Yes, people who are black, Hispanic, Asian, or Inuit have more chances to suffer from this condition.

  • Family History Of Glaucoma

As we have seen ahead there is a specific type of glaucoma which is known as congenital which is a hereditary condition. Thus a child is more prone to having glaucoma if their parents have the condition already. But this is never 100% correct as sometimes the gene mutation does not occur which leads to the condition in the child.

What’s The Treatment For Glaucoma?

  • Generally, there are treatment options available to cure glaucoma condition which all aim to prevent the disorder from getting worse.
  • Medicines such as eye drops are the most common form of treatment. There are several eye drops such as Bimat 3ml (0.03%) and others.
  • Laser treatments are available which can drain out the ocular fluid from the eyes.
  • Various types of eye surgeries are also there which can also reduce and drain out the intraocular fluid from within the eyes.

Is It True That Having High Eye Pressure Means That They Will Have Glaucoma Too?

No, having high eye pressure does not make it inevitable to have a glaucoma condition. It entirely depends on how much ocular fluid pressure can the optical nerves handle.

How Eye Drops Can Cure The Glaucoma Eye Condition?

Generally, all the eye drops have a substance known as prostaglandin analog substance in them which can help in increasing the outflow of the ocular fluid.